NFED Classifieds

www.nfed.co.uk
Connecting the central southern equestrian community since 1999

 

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Fraud & Common Internet Scams

General Safety Information

The majority of people that you deal with online are decent, genuine, like-minded people but scams & fraud are a worldwide problem that anyone using the internet must be aware of.

Wherever you advertise, at some point buyers & sellers do have to make contact with each other. Scammers will register website accounts, have multiple identities, Email accounts & social media profiles. They scan online & newspaper ads or Facebook selling groups for possible victims, so it is very important to know how to recognise a scam however contact is made.

Ignorance & trust are the scammer's best friends. The greater the awareness of scams, the harder it becomes for scammers to succeed. It is human nature to want to trust people, scammers will abuse this trust to engage with you. They may seem friendly & knowledgeable or pretend to have common interests, but when they ask for your details, money or payment in a way that cannot be reversed, stop, step back & think about what you are actually doing. Genuine people will understand your concerns.

If a scam isn't immediately obvious, ignore any further contact from them as soon as you realise. The scammer will only succeed if you send them money or give them your personal/bank details, most scams become very obvious long before this point.

You should take extra care if you post a wanted advert. Scammers have the advantage of knowing exactly what you are looking for, so can easily falsify descriptions or use photos from genuine adverts to try to sell you something they don’t have. If you are advertising for a horse be wary of unscrupulous dealers, make sure the horse is theirs to sell, do some research & ask why it hasn’t been advertised. Although a passport is not proof of ownership, ensure the passport is valid & seriously consider getting it vetted.

DO NOT be tricked into paying by Bank Transfer or Paypal Family & Friends for something that can't be collected. These payments cannot be recovered. See Money Transfer Scam below.

Because of this page, we do receive many scam reports from other websites & Facebook selling groups. Although the same advice applies wherever you advertise, we can only deal with scammers that have made contact through the NFED. If you have advertised elsewhere, please contact the site or group administrator directly & let them know. Facebook estimates that there are currently at least 80 million fake profiles. If you use Facebook, please review your security settings. It is amazing how much information you can give to criminals in your profile; date of birth, mothers maiden name, children & pets names, where you live & when you go on holiday. Click Here here for an interesting example. Even if they don’t target you directly, they may copy your information, photos or identity to set up further fake accounts to scam others in your name, leaving you to take the blame.

What the NFED Can Do to Help

The NFED is a local specialised site & nature of the subject does mean that the majority of transactions will be face to face. In the real world, it is very unlikely that a genuine buyer will want to buy a horse, trailer or lorry unseen, so alarm bells should always ring if this is suggested for any reason. Although we can’t guarantee the validity of an advert, all adverts are checked before approval, any advert that we suspect as fraudulent will be rejected before it is seen by the public. .

1- Education: Awareness is the very best weapon. By providing this page, it certainly does not mean that the NFED is badly hit, only that we are not prepared to ignore the issue will continue to give unwanted publicity to fraudsters. New scammers are listed, linked from What's New, Twitter, Google+ & Facebook. This helps the users of all websites.

2- Protect Your Identity: The advertiser's name, phone number & Email address is hidden by default. Viewers will be provided with a contact form to Email the advertiser without revealing the advertiser's Email address. If you would rather not receive Email enquiries, you can turn them off using the modify ad option. Your phone number will then be shown in place of the Email advertiser link on your advert.
By choosing to show your name & number or including your details or Email address in the main advert text, you are overriding this safety feature. If your NFED advert is featured on our popular Facebook-Twitter pages, your identity will still remain hidden unless you add your details to the advert text or comment on the social media page. A link to the main advert will be provided to allow viewers to contact you privately via the contact form.

3- Monitor Enquiries: Enquiries sent via the form system are monitored for patterns & suspicious activity. When a scammer is discovered or reported, we will list them on this page & alert any recipients by Email. Enquiries are sent instantly to the advertisers, but the office is not manned all day so it may be up to 24 hours before suspicious enquiries can be reviewed. If you have any doubt about an enquiry, please wait before responding or contact us so that we can look into it for you.

4- Identify Fraudsters: The senders IP address is included on classifieds enquiries which allows us to trace the senders service provider & country. Providing the IP is genuine, we can block access to the NFED &-or report them to their service provider, but this is not infallible. There are many proxy services available that allow people to connect to the internet through a second server, this hides the users real IP behind a false IP & makes blocking impossible.

5- Share Information: The fraudsters aim is to creep around the internet unnoticed, trying to defraud people at every opportunity. Publishing their details is a major deterrent as it makes them available to others searching for an Email address. The more trouble that we cause for them, the more likely they are to leave us for other sites that don't make the effort or take the time to deal with them.

6- Report Them: We will report scammers to their Email providers. Getting their Email accounts closed does cause them inconvenience as they have to set up new accounts & start again.

You can also report abuse using the following.

Outlook & Hotmail Abuse: abuse@outlook.com
Gmail Abuse: Report Form
Mail.com Abuse: Report Form
Yahoo Abuse: Report Form

What You Can Do to Help

Make sure that you, your friends & family are aware of the common scams & know how to spot them. There are numerous types of scam & although many do not apply to the NFED, the common scams have been listed on this page to help our users understand the various ways that criminals will try to trick you out of your money. The government is taking online fraud seriously. See www.actionfraud.police.uk for further advice or to report fraud.

We will make every effort to offer advice, block and warn of new scammers as soon as possible, but ultimately we cannot control who will see your post or advert or make contact with you & you use the NFED entirely at your own risk.
If you do receive a suspicious enquiry, please tell us as soon as possible.

You can turn off Email enquiries using the modify ad option. Your phone number will be shown in place of the Email advertiser link on your advert

If you receive a suspicious reply to your NFED advert
  1. Check the offenders list below. If the sender is not listed, forward the original enquiry Email to editor@nfed.co.uk
  2. Look out for bad english or common phrases: shipment, best price, agent, western union, wire transfer, Ebay Bank...
  3. The same Email will go to many advertisers, so they may ask questions that are already answered in the advert.
  4. Stop communicating with them as soon as you recognise a scam.
  5. NEVER pay money up front to release funds to enable them to pay you.
  6. NEVER give them your personal or bank details.
  7. NEVER send overpaid money to a third person. (Over payment scam)
  8. NEVER pay by Bank Transfer (BACS) for goods that are going to be posted. Payment cannot be reversed.
  9. NEVER pay by Western Union or similar for goods that are going to be posted. Payment cannot be reversed.
  10. NEVER pay by PayPal Family & Friends, it does not cover goods purchased.
  11. PayPal Goods & Services has built in protection for posted items, so is the safest form of payment.
  12. If you are a victim of fraud, report it to the police. See www.actionfraud.police.uk

If you have advertised elsewhere, you can identify NFED enquiries by the Email subject line "NFED Classifieds Advert Enquiry".
Providing it is an NFED enquiry, we will check the senders address & either add it to the list to warn others, or let you know if we consider it to be ok. We cannot deal with scammers from other websites or selling groups.

Reported NFED Offenders List

If the sender has already been listed below, there is no need to report it, just delete the Email & do not reply. If the sender is not on the list, please forward the email to editor@nfed.co.uk The senders details will checked & either added to the list, or if we believe that it is genuine we will let you know.

The senders IP address is shown on NFED Enquiries. This can be checked against the list below or Click Here to look up the country of origin, but please only use this as a guide. If the country is Nigeria, Russia or China, they are unlikely to really want your horse or trailer. If they are using a proxy server, this may give a false location including the UK.

Senders Details
IP Address
Date & Time
xriver145@gmail.com 146.185.28.62 15.20 14-04-17
abdulkhadar0002@email.com 41.246.233.165 09.30 05-04-17
mattjohnn2017@gmail.com 176.32.16.51 19.30 04.04-17
michstewart51@gmail.com 77.243.183.100 13.00 23-03-17
joe.sharron1989@gmail.com 37.130.224.202 08.30 06-03-17
john.stone2053@aol.com 82.3.184.8 12.45 18-02-17
thomas.e76@hotmail.co.uk 146.185.28.61 12.10 13-02-17
a.knox.knox@outlook.com 206.190.158.75 11.45 10-01-17
mikewilliam19376@gmail.com

151.70.28.171

19.15 27-11-16
danejenniing21@gmail.com 166.88.123.191 09.15 04-11-16

maxwellmitch1@gmail.com Attempting to Post Scam Pet Ads

173.245.202.166 14.00 30-10-16
earlielife1960@yahoo.com 109.169.17.156 09.35 24-10-16

loveisalliwant247@gmail.com

196.53.38.108 07.15 22-10-16

mills_daniela011@yahoo.com

198.24.162.179 19.30 14-10-16
flora_hossain@outlook.fr 154.68.51.25 12.45 05-10-16
clairerandall01@hotmail.com

45.32.178.190

22.20 28-09-16
ZoeMacDonald689@yahoo.com Posting Ads using Stolen Bank details.   20.30 28-09-16
johncar77@outlook.com 108.240.133.193 07.00 22-09-16

campbellmogul007@outlook.com

45.33.3.164 07.30 07-09-16
st.cohen@outlook.com Stacey Cohen linked to Amy Petit

81.152.56.52

16.30 05-09-16
amy.petit@outlook.com linked to Stacey Cohen 109.145.214.88 18.00 01-09-16
davidjoseph101010@gmail.com 188.165.36.91 12.27 16-08-16
james.leeson009@gmail.com 204.93.58.76 06.50 15-08-16
myriansule01@gmail.com reply smyrianmoha2008@gmail.com 104.152.235.42 08.30 03-08-16
martinboldly@gmail.com Answering Wanted Ads 129.0.56.65 18.40 13-07-16
amelie.lav@yahoo.com Answering Wanted Ads 109.154.242.109 8.00 29-06-16
worldwideent@outlook.com 39.45.252.141 07.30 10-05-16
priceller_mbuto@yahoo.com 154.68.20.90 16.00 09-05-16
williamqueen003@gmail.com 141.0.12.233 07.30 30-04-16
godblessmeabundantly@gmail.com 172.98.86.20 09.20 29-04-16
susan.lovell1212@gmail.com 5.62.5.132 19.30 28-04-16
elizame@zoho.com 185.71.39.44 16.35 28-04-16
timothydbeasley387@gmail.com 91.109.30.69 18.35 28-03-16
georgesayre207@gmail.com 91.109.30.69 18.35 28-03-16
josephbundi65@yandex.com 107.182.233.86 07.00 22-03-16
nickoleadger66@gmail.com

95.85.33.177

19.30 11-03-16

Common Scams & Further Information

- Money Transfer Scam

NEVER use Bank or Money Transfer payments to purchase goods from private sellers unless the goods are in your possession. Fraudsters advertise goods or answer wanted ads, they gain your trust before taking payment by Bank Transfer, Paypal Family & Friends or by a money transfer company such as Western Union. They have your money, but the goods don’t arrive, the seller can’t be traced & it is not possible to get the payment reversed.

We would advise anyone buying tack, saddles or goods that cannot be collect in person to use Paypal Goods & Services as a method of payment. If the goods do not arrive within the time limit, you can raise a dispute through PayPal, it is then the sellers responsibility to provide Paypal with proof of postage. Don't accept excuses to take it over the time limit, raise a dispute well before or you will not be able to reclaim the payment. Don't be talked into using Paypal Family & Friends which DOES NOT cover goods purchased. This will send the money as a gift, is not covered by Paypal & like Bank Transfers, cannot be reversed.

For sellers, it is worth noting that Paypal should only be used for items that are posted & not large items that are collected by the buyer. Although rare, there are cases where an item has been paid for by Paypal & then collected in person. The buyer then makes a non delivery claim to Paypal. Proof of postage cannot be provided by the seller, so the payment is reversed. This leaves the seller without the money & the goods have gone to a buyer that cannot be traced.

Phone Scams

The caller claims that they are from a company or give a name that you know, explaining that there has been a problem with the payment or asking for payment for any other reason. They ask for your card details to rectify the problem.

THIS IS A SCAM. Never give your payment or personal details to anyone calling you.
Never call back the number given to you by phone.

  • We DO NOT call for payment unless requested to by you.
  • If there is a problem, you will be contacted by Email not by phone.
  • Your name & phone number are hidden by default. If you don't show your number, they can't attempt the scam.
  • If your advert can be seen, it has been approved & there isn't a problem
  • If you request a call, we will provide your secret advert password as proof of identity.
  • The scammers do not have access to your password, never give your password if asked.

All websites & printed media are being targeted. The NFED is certainly no worse hit than others, but we are determined to make life as difficult as we can for the scammers by ensuring all of our customers are aware of the scam & not taken in.

SENSIBLE PRECAUTIONS

  • Never give your personal or payment details to anyone that phones you
  • If you have already given your details, contact your bank immediately to cancel the card
  • Never call back the number that the caller gives you - it is part of the scam
  • Offer to call back the number given on the company concerned website or paperwork
  • If genuine, the company will fully understand your caution

IF YOU RECEIVE A CALL OR THREATS ARE MADE.

1- Record the time of the call.
2- Report it to the police
3- Immediately contact your phone service provider who will log the call.

THEY ARE NOT UNTOUCHABLE

The scammers seem to think that they can't be traced but they are wrong, every phone or internet user leaves a trail. Withheld numbers can be traced if the phone service provider knows the time of the call. The service provider will then liaise with the police.
Every website user is recorded in server logs. This gives the IP address which will identify the criminal’s internet service provider. The police then have the power to contact the ISP for their records to obtain the customer’s name & address.

Further Information

NFED Warning in Horse & Hound 21st March 2011
Horse & Hound Warning 29th March 2011
BBC Warning
HMRC Warning

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Buying & Selling Scams

This is a world wide problem for ALL Internet and traditional printed classifieds.

Just remember the following, use common sense and enjoy using the NFED classifieds:

  • NEVER under any circumstances send them any money or accept a cheque for over the asking price. They are not interested in your horse, saddle, car or whatever you are selling, they only want your money & will give hundreds of reasons for you to send it to them.
  • If someone is prepared to buy a horse unseen, alarm bells should ring immediately. Always try to meet & deal in cash if you can. Scammers are very reluctant to meet & dealing in cash will rule out many of their scams.
  • For your protection, your Email address is hidden on the NFED Classifieds, unless posted in the body of your advert. To discourage scammers and multiple replies, pasting has been disabled on the advert reply page, meaning every reply has to be typed in.
  • If you do receive a suspicious reply, please don't bother to reply which will reveal your Email address. If you have already replied, just ignore any further Emails from them.
  • If suspicious, check the senders Email address against the offenders list above.
  • If the senders name is not on the list, please forward the entire Email to: editor@nfed.co.uk
    NOTE: We do not publish addresses if the full classifieds reply is not included.
  • If we consider that the reply is genuine, we will tell you, if it is a scam, we will add them to the list & let them know that they have been reported. (Sorry, we do not always have time to acknowledge your Emails)
  • If there is any doubt, we are happy to contact the Email sender on your behalf for further information.
  • You know your subject and the questions that should be asked, they do not and are easily fooled.
  • Their aim is to give you forged cheque for over the asking price & con you into sending the difference, which you will lose. Tell them that you do not have a bank account & will only accept cash on collection.
  • Your bank will initially accept the cheque. Although it will probably clear and allow you to draw money against it, it will eventually bounce leaving you out of pocket.
  • Wanted ads are also targeted. They normally send a short reply & when asked for more information send a copy of a real advert. If you carry out a Google search for a few lines from the advert, it often brings up the original. Never buy unseen or send money to anyone, if there is any doubt, walk away.

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Adoption Scams

That horse or cute puppy in the photo on the legitimate-looking website is almost too good to be real. Often, he isn't.

One scam promises you a free puppy or horse, you only have to pay the shipping cost. Once the scammers get your payment, the scammer says your animal is stuck at the airport or port due to customs complications, and you are asked to send more money for up keep or to get customs release.

Finally, the scammer disappears along with your money. In many cases, victims think their animal is at the airport waiting for them after they've sent several payments. Don't reply to their Emails.

Charities, Rescues & Welfare Scams

In times of recession animals do suffer & there are plenty of people that want to help. Unfortunately the scammers know this & they never miss out on an opportunity to get part you & your money.

A number of scam horse welfare sites are now popping up with the intention of getting your donations or bank details. Please carefully check the credentials of any such site before entering any personal information. They make look very official with lots of photos of malnourished & neglected horses, or links & backing of other well known organisations, but this is meaningless & can easily be faked. Just because they say that they are supported by a well known organisation, it doesn't mean they are!

If they are a registered charity, they will have a registration number which can be checked online out at: www.charitycommission.gov.uk

If you would like to give money to charity or a welfare organisation, choose one which is well known and has a good reputation. If in doubt about an organisation’s legitimacy or credibility take the time to check it out with your local Horsewatch scheme, Police, or other reputable registered charity i.e. RSPCA, World Horse Welfare, Redwings Horse Sanctuary, The Donkey Sanctuary.

Share Holders - Be aware of the Hostile Take Over Scam
You receive a Cold Call, but they know you own shares in a company which makes them sound genuine.
They claim there is going to be a hostile take-over & they are buying shares on behalf of their client. They will sell your shares at an inflated price & make you a lot of money. As it is a hostile take-over you are not allowed to discuss this with anybody.
Forms are Emailed though for you to sign.
Then then ask for an insurance bond payment of several thousand pounds.

In reality
They are scammers.
They have got your details from the Share Holders Register.
They are not a real company, despite the name, website & genuine looking forms.
They only want you to keep quiet to increase the chance of the scam working.
The “insurance bond” is just a bank transfer payment that cannot be recovered.

Spam

A collection of unsolicited bulk electronic messages; Any undesired electronic content automatically-generated for commercial purposes; An unsolicited electronic message sent in bulk, usually by email or newsgroups; Alternative form of SPAM; To send spam (i.e. unsolicited electronic messages

Spambots

Spambots are computer programs that crawl the internet, filling in & submitting forms with spam & links. These can be very hard to stop & are to blame for the various methods used to try to identify humans & real form entries (CAPTCHA). We have stopped many of the simple bots, but the more sophisticated do manage to get through occasionally. Please do not click on any links contained in your classifieds replies

Domain Names

A domain name is a unique address which allows you to visit a website or get your e-mail. Knowing a little bit about how domain names work, can help you to avoid scam & phishing websites. Phishing sites are copies of the genuine websites set up to obtain your personal details or give false information.

Top-Level Domain
Every domain name is composed of two parts: a top-level domain & a second-level domain.
In the domain name nfed.co.uk, the .co.uk part is the top-level domain.

Second-Level Domain
The second-level domain is normally the company name.
It is the nfed in nfed.co.uk, the google in google.com or the ebay in ebay.co.uk.
The second level domain must be immediately before the top level to be genuine

Sub Domain
A sub domain can be placed before the Second Level Domain & will end with a full stop or dot.
For example, ebay could be used as a sub domain with nfed.co.uk to give ebay.nfed.co.uk.
The website would still be nfed.co.uk & not Ebay.

Sub domains are intended to seperate different areas of a web site, but also offer an ideal way for scammers to set up a a more convincing website with a domain or URL that looks more like the genuine site.

File Path
The file path will follow the top level domain & lead you directly to a file, page or directory hosted on the server, i.e.-classifieds

 

Example.
scammer.co.uk has the top level .co.uk second level scammer & you obviously would avoid it.
If the sub domain ebay is used, it then becomes ebay.scammer.co.uk & starts to look slightly more genuine, but IS NOT!

If the scammer registers a more appealing name such as genuinebloke.co.uk & uses the sub domain ebay you would then get ebay.genuinebloke.co.uk which really starts to look like a genuine website address, but IS NOT!

To make it more believable, they may set up a redirect from ebay.genuinebloke.co.uk to the genuine Ebay site. If it is queried they will tell you to use the link to convince you of the authenticity. Only when the file path is added, do you get the true scam website. ebay.genuinebloke.co.uk-falseadvert?youradvertblahblah

Scammers will often say that the sale will be handled by EBay. Unless you were actually buying through EBay, this is a scam. There is no reason why EBay would be involved in any other sales. EBay do not handle shipping or payments.

If they send a specific link to you i.e. ebay.genuinebloke.co.uk-falseadvert?youradvertblahblah this will be the scam site.
Clicking this link may download malware to your computer, provide false seller information or give them your log in details.

IP Address

When you connect to the internet, you connect through a server provided by your internet service provider (ISP). The IP address of the server is provided, which allows others to identify the users ISP & country. This can be very useful as it helps to identify scammers that are overseas but are claiming to be in the UK. An IP address can be blocked from accessing a website, but it does mean that it will also block other users of that service provider, so must be used carefully.

Proxy Servers

A proxy server is another link in the chain which allows the user to connect to the internet anonymously. The IP address of the proxy server instead of the users ISP will be shown, meaning that the user or country cannot be traced. The IP address of the proxy server can be blocked, but the scammer will simply use a different proxy server to get around the block. In theory it is possible to block all proxy servers from accessing a website, but proxy servers are also used by larger organisations, employers & universities to connect an internal network to the internet. Blocking proxies will also block these legitimate users from accessing the website.

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Connecting the Central Southern Equestrian Community